Microsoft announced a number of enterprise features for its Azure cloud service at its TechEd conference today that edge the company closer to those offered by industry leader Amazon Web Services.
In most cases, the services Microsoft announced at TechEd US are at least 12-18 months behind its main rival.
The most compelling of the features slated for release are targeted at IT professionals that have already bought into a Microsoft legacy - allowing for some means to differentiate Azure from the rapid release of developer-centric features by AWS.
Features announced include:
Site Recovery, a re-working of Hyper-V Recovery Manager that allows for an Azure instance to be designated as a disaster recovery target for virtual machines, whether they are deployed on-premise or in Azure.
A preview release of ‘Azure Files’ - a hosted file share based on the SMB protocol, built atop Azure’s existing cloud storage service.
The general availability in the US and UK of ExpressRoute, which provides (via hosting/telco partners) a direct MPLS connection into the Azure cloud from on-premise data centres.
A series of ‘agents’ that can be deployed to an Azure virtual machine at build - including security tools (Symantec Endpoint Protection, Trend Micro Deep Security and Microsoft anti-malware) and configuration tools (agents for Microsoft Powershell, Chef and Puppet, as previously announced at the Build conference).
An IP reservation service that allows enterprise to stipulate a designated IP address for a given application, rather than having one auto-generated in the Microsoft cloud.
The ability for Azure Traffic Manager (which load balances traffic according to a range of policies chosen by the customer) to recognise non-Azure endpoints.
The general availability of an import/export function for Azure, which enables IT organisations to encrypt and physically ship large amounts of legacy data on disks, for Microsoft to load into the Azure cloud.
The release of a new class of larger Azure compute instances for enterprise customers.
A new wizard for the synchronisation of Active Directory identities with the Azure Active Directory cloud service.
The preview of an app streaming service hosted in Azure.
Among those that mimic AWS, Microsoft announced the general availability of ExpressRoute, its response to Direct Connect, a service introduced by Amazon Web Services in August 2011.
ExpressRoute allows connectivity and hosting partners to offer an MPLS connection into the Azure cloud from on-premise data centres.
Microsoft had previously offered customers VPN access to their virtual machines without traversing the public internet. ExpressRoute allows for a single logical connection between a customer premise to all services, including servers, databases, and applications.
It also offers a 99.9 percent connectivity uptime by connecting customers with redundant pairs.
Microsoft will announce Equinix as a data centre partner for the ExpressRoute service, with AT&T, Verizon and BT as telco partners.
The company has promised that 13 more territories will offer the service by the end of the year.
Like ExpressRoute, Microsoft’s import/export function for Azure begins in the United States before rolling out to Australia, and again mimics a service that has been available on AWS for some three years.
Microsoft will also announce two new instance sizes to compete with AWS’ largest - the A8 offers eight cores and 56GB of RAM, the A9 16 cores at 112GB of RAM, both connected via Infiniband at 40 Gbps.
Audiences at TechEd will also likely be reminded that last month, Microsoft announced the general availability of an autoscaling function for compute and storage queues on Azure, a feature that has been available on AWS since 2010 and in preview on Azure since July last year.
Building a bridge
Microsoft engineers told iTnews during a preview of the announcements that Azure Files was a response to the most requested service from existing customers.
It provides Windows administrators an easier means of mounting an on-premise shared file store to the Azure cloud, with access to the hosted file service available via both standard Windows file APIs or a REST API.
Curiously, Azure Files is built on the SMB 2.1 protocol released in the Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7 desktop OS era, rather than the SMB 3.0 protocol built for Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows 8.
“We gave this a lot of thought and it was a tough conversation,” said Corey Sanders, group program manager for Windows Azure, while introducing the product.
“There are a huge amount of existing apps using 2.1. To get the full range of application support, including Linux, we felt this was the right decision.”
Several of the other bridges Microsoft is building between Windows and Azure aren’t quite as cognisant of customer legacy.
Microsoft will announce new features for its Azure Active Directory service, which attempts to extend existing Active Directory identities into the Azure cloud and use them for single sign-on access to corporate SaaS apps.
A premium version of Azure Active Directory has been available to large enterprise customers since early April, and will soon be coupled with a new migration tool (Active Directory Connect replaces the existing DirSync tool), and a cloud discovery service that could be likened to those available from Sky High Software.
Unlike the decision made for Azure Files compatability, this service requires the on-prem Active Directory service to be running one of the last two server operating systems (Windows Server 2012 R2 or Windows Server 2008).
Should customers for security reasons want to keep passwords stored on their own server, Active Directory Federation Services requires the latest - Windows Server 2012 R2.
Brett Winterford visited Redmond, WA as a guest of Microsoft.